Irritated, red gums around teeth are some of the first signs of the early gum disease gingivitis.

Gum Inflammation Causes

Do you have red, sore or inflamed gums? Have you noticed blood in the sink after you brush or floss? Irritated gums have one primary cause. As plaque on your teeth builds up, your body’s inflammatory response kicks in. This makes gums go from healthy, pink and firm to irritated and red. Inflamed, puffy gums bleed easily when they are brushed, flossed or otherwise agitated. Although it’s common, don’t ignore the warning signs. Finding a swollen gum remedy can be as easy as making a few improvements to your dental health routine.

The most common cause of sore, red gums is an inconsistent home oral care routine. Not brushing and flossing regularly (or properly) allows food and bacteria to become lodged between teeth and gums, creating a home for bacteria to multiply and become dental plaque. This plaque buildup at the gum line is what causes irritated gums. If not removed with a consistent, healthy, clean-mouth routine, plaque can harden into tartar, which can only be removed with professional dental tools.

Gum Inflammation Treatment

While gingivitis is reversible, it needs to be taken seriously and acted on. If left untreated, it can progress to an advanced gum disease stage called periodontitis, which is a leading cause of adult tooth loss.

Illustration of an open mouth
Gums & Gum Disease
4 Truths That Protect Your Gums (and Teeth)

Even when puffy gums are bleeding and inflamed, you can still help reverse bacterial infections in their infancy simply by improving your oral hygiene. Rinse with antiseptic mouthwash twice daily; stick to gentle, twice-daily brushing with a soft bristle or electric brush; and floss once daily. Also, be sure to schedule regular dentist visits for plaque and tartar removal.

LISTERINE® Antiseptic Mouthwash has the power to kill germs that can lead to inflamed gums and gum disease. Plus, it helps reduce 52% more plaque than brushing and flossing alone. Check out the family of LISTERINE® products and information to help protect your gum health.