Gingivitis is the earliest form of gum disease. Early diagnosis is important to address this preventable disease.
Common symptoms of gingivitis include red, puffy gums, blood in the sink during routine brushing, and bad breath. If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to moderate or advanced periodontitis which have symptoms like tooth sensitivity, receding gums, and even tooth loss.
Red, Puffy, or Receding Gums
Healthy gums are pink and firm. If your gums become red, puffy/swollen, tender to the touch or blood starts appearing frequently in the sink when you’re brushing your teeth, chances are that you have gingivitis.
If you notice receding gums or gums that pull away from your teeth, this is another classic sign of gum disease, or periodontitis. These are all signs that proper oral care is needed.
Common as it may seem to be, it’s never natural to see bleeding gums when brushing or flossing. You may think that you’re just brushing too hard, but frequent gum bleeding is a likely sign that you have gingivitis. As plaque and tartar stay on your teeth, the gingiva becomes more irritated, causing your gums to become swollen, red, inflamed, and tender. These conditions cause gums to bleed easily, especially while brushing or flossing. According to the ADA, bleeding gums caused by gingivitis are completely reversible. Brushing twice daily and using an antiseptic mouthwash like LISTERINE ULTRACLEAN®, are important steps to stop bleeding gums.
Bad breath can also be an indicator of early stage gum disease. Usually caused by plaque buildup on the tongue, bad breath is a sign that plaque and bacteria aren’t being properly removed.
Pain, Sensitivity and Other Advanced Signs
If the conditions in the mouth aren’t addressed, the symptoms of gingivitis may get worse and progress to periodontitis. Pain when chewing, sensitivity to hot and cold, receding gums, and loose teeth are all signs of more advanced gum disease like moderate or advanced periodontitis.
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